What is Citizenship Amendment Bill ?

What is Citizenship Amendment Bill

Citizenship Amendment Bill, what is NRC Today we give you what is the Citizenship Amendment Bill, what is the purpose of doing it? Will give you complete information about it

Today our team has brought a new topic for all of you readers. What is the Citizen Amendment bill in this post today? What is NRC? What is CAA and (CAB) Citizenship Amendment Bill? What is the difference between CAA and (CAB) Citizenship Amendment Bill? Keeping this in mind in today’s article, we will go through all these things in detail. And what difficulties had to be faced in passing this bill, and why would people go through a riot when this civil amendment bill is passed. Today, in this post, I will try to know the whole information related to it in detail. If you read in detail, you will understand it very easily.

 

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what is Citizenship Amendment Bill ?

Citizenship Amendment Bill Under the Citizenship Amendment Act of 1955, an illegal immigrant citizen cannot get citizenship of India. And now some changes have been made in this Citizenship Amendment Act 2019. Under this law, it has been decided to grant citizenship of India to non-Muslim illegal migrants living in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan under the law made in the Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019.

 

what is NRC ?

First of all, tell you the full form of NRC that the National Register of Citizen Bill has been created. In which the record of all lawful citizens residing in India will be kept. And it was first held in Assam under the supervision of the Supreme Court in NRC 2013. And this NRC is not yet implemented in any state.

 

What is CAA and CAB?

CAA has a Full Form (Citizenship Amendment Act) i.e. the Citizenship Amendment Act, which was a CAB (Citizenship Amendment Bill) before it was passed in Parliament. Talking about the difference between CAA and CAB, after passing in Parliament and the President’s approval, this bill has become a Civil Law Amendment Act. Citizens of India will be given to the Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Parsis, Jains and Buddhists who have fled from Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh due to religious persecution with the help of Citizenship Amendment Act.

 

Introduction of NRC

  • The National Civil Register (NRC) is a list of Indian citizens in Assam.
  • Assam, which suffered inflows from Bangladesh since the early 20th century, is the only state to have an NRC.
  • It was prepared in 1951 after the 1951 census.
  • It is being updated to remove illegal immigration from Bangladesh and neighboring areas.
  • Recently Assam released the final draft of the National Register of Citizens (NRC), which included 1.9 crore names out of the total 3.29 crore applicant pool.
  • Political leaders have assured that all will be given a fair and patient hearing to prove their citizenship.

 

Background of NRC ?

  • The NRC was last updated back in 1951 in Assam.
  • Then, it had recorded 80 lakh citizens in the state. Since then, the process of identification of illegal migrants in Assam was debated and became a controversial issue in state politics.
  • A Public Interest Litigation was filed in the Supreme Court, which sought to remove “illegal voters” from the voter list of Assam and required NRC under the Citizenship Act, 1955 and its rules.
  • A six-year agitation was launched by the All Assam Students Union (AASU) in 1979 demanding identification and deportation of illegal migrants.
  • It ended on 15 August 1985 with the signing of the Assam Accord.

 

who is a citizens in assam ?

  • Post the Assam movement against foreigners’, and later the Assam Accord was signed between the Government of India and the All Assam Students Union, Citizenship Act, 1955.
  • People of all Indian origin, including Bangladesh, who entered Assam before January 1, 1966, were considered citizens.
  • Those who came between 1 January 1966 and 25 March 1971 can register themselves and get citizenship after staying for 10 years.
  • Those entering after 25 March 1971 were to be deported.

 

What is NRC Verification ?

  • According to an order of the Supreme Court in 2013, the NRC update process was started in Assam.
  • This was done to end cases of illegal migration from Bangladesh and other surrounding areas.
  • The NRC updation was done under the Citizenship Act, 1955, and as per the rules laid down in the Assam Accord.
  • A total of 3.29 crore people applied.
  • The verification involves verification of the door-to-door area, determining the authenticity of the documents, examining the family tree so that separate claims for maternity claims and married women can be heard.

 

Why a separate national register of citizens?

  • This is due to the history of migration.
  • During British rule, Assam was merged with the Bengal Presidency for administrative purposes.
  • From 1826 to 1947, the British continuously brought migrant workers to Assam for cheap labor in tea gardens.
  • Two major waves of migration followed British rule.
  • The first after partition, from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
  • Then after the liberation of Bangladesh in 1971.
  • A movement eventually took place during 1979–85 led by the All Assam Students Union.
  • This culminated in the 1985 Assam Accord, under which illegal migrants were to be identified and deported.

 

Is there a similar situation for migrants in another state?

  • There is a demand to implement NRC in Meghalaya as well.
  • Similar demands are coming from Nagaland and Tripura.
  • In Arunachal Pradesh, the demand for citizenship to Chakma has been pending for decades.
  • While the Center is keen to grant them citizenship, it is being opposed by the state government.
  • The Arunachal state government fears that the state’s political demographics will change.
  • There are more than 10 million people in the world who have no citizenship.

 

What will be the impact of NRC implementation?

  • The question is what will be the situation of the lakhs of people who would have lost Indian citizenship without any recession.
  • The immediate result is that they will lose the right to vote.
  • The biggest result of the NRC update may be India’s relations with Bangladesh, which have been accompanied by a fluctuation in recent times.

 

What concerns / challenges will have to be faced with the implementation of NRC?

  • The exercise to update the “National Register of Citizens” (NRC) in Assam has created a political storm.
  • Many had to spend their life’s earnings in legal fees, in the lengthy process of submitting documents, and in challenging declarations of their non-citizenship with the courts.
  • It was hoped that the Supreme Court’s oversight of the process would have ensured fairness and transparency.
  • Sadly, this did not happen.
  • The process has been rid of legal inconsistencies and errors, from the non-transparent “family tree verification” process, to the somewhat arbitrary rejection of gram jury certificates (affecting some women).
  • In the process of verification of the family tree there are many examples of parents who are in the draft list but the children are being left out.
  • The number of people affected by the rejection of jury residence certificates is more than 45 lakhs.
  • The fate of millions of people who rely on these documents remains uncertain as each person must now prove their relationship anew.
  • One to NRC undefined Preparing within the time frame was more important than ensuring legal clarity on citizenship claims. undefined

 

What will happen next after the CAA is implemented?

  • South Asia has seen many crises regarding citizenship. The Supreme Court should ensure that there is no other in Assam.
  • The claims of the missing in the NRC must be heard carefully, humanly.
  • A strong system of legal aid is needed for the four million who are limited with their own resources
  • To prove citizenship for India.
  • India’s approach to citizenship is scrutinizing the world.
  • All state officials need to be prudent in their actions so that good sense remains and to ensure that there is no outbreak of large scale humanitarian crises.

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